Wednesday, July 4, 2012


TANGGAI DANCE
TRADITONAL DANCE OF PALEMBANG

History
Traditional dance is dance that evolved from generation to generation and still exist to this day, has Fakem and is a hallmark of the region itself. In the century V (1920) at Hindu era, Tanggai dance used for offerings to the God Brahman, Vishnu, and Shiva, which is offered or the pull of the women with an odd number, especially in the offer to dance Tanggai Sahyang Widi or Lord Shiva who is considered as a god. Tribute to the gods by making sacrifices Mudra movements (approach the almighty).


Tanggai dance is dance that uses a priority nice action of Tanggai fingers symbolizing love. The Hindus are very honored, especially the fingers Mahendi (carvings on hand). Tanggai made of pure 22 karat gold in the form of nails manicured. In century 20 (1920) Age of the Netherlands, habitat in Indonesia is a form of empire. In century 17 (1600) established the Dutch era Palembang Darussalam Sultanate, age girl seclusion. The prince of forbid girl / woman to dance, so the whole show is played by men. Demat, Pesirah, Depati job title is the name given by the Dutch, and Dutch are interested in taking tanggai dance
1920 in South Sumatra and dance using Tanggai Foreword that serves as the Dance Dance welcomes a slap on the call.

Turning to the Japan Times
In 1945, tanggai dance can not be displayed, dance created Gending Sriwijaya. This dance stylists is Lady Resident of Palembang Sukainah Rozak on Japanese Demand creates Gending Sriwijaya dance. Sriwijaya Gending poem created by Nungcik AR, and music created by Gending Sriwijaya Mahibat Dahlan.
PKI rebellion in 1965 and creator of the poem Nung Cik AR allegedly a member of the Communist Party until Nungcik AR was arrested, and Dance Gending Sriwijaya at that time should not be displayed. However, the number of guests, dignitaries, and state officials who came to Palembang, and no dance reception to welcome the guests who came, and Ms. Elly Rudi (tanggai dance) and Ms. Ana Kumari (slap dance palace) raised the and make movements with dance moves that have been there before, to honor guests who come to Palembang, and his dance choreography, so there were high aesthetics in dance. Blash music, Tanjidor is used in the Dance Music Tanggai in ancient times. Tanggai dance and violence Tuo (matchmaking) to accompany the Bride dances. Palace slap dance (wear tanggai and slap), the symbol of friendship to honor expression distinguished guests, at the time of the Dutch, with a Foreword offerings. Being a Dance Tradition in South Sumatra.
But the dance is evolving into each area in South Sumatra with its own dance version of the name but still using the initial tanggai and costumes.

Performance
Tepak dance or Tanggai is usually performed to welcome important guests. This dance has similarities with Gending Sriwijaya dance. The differences are : the number of dancers and the clothes. Tepak dance or Tanggai dance was performed by 5 dances while Gending Sriwijaya was performed by 9 dancer. The clothes of Tepak or Tanggai dancers are not complete or as extravagant as Gending dancers’ clothes and accessories.
The Rythmic body moved and beauty of fingers gesture show how sincere the host in giving their salutation / respect for the guests. The collaboration of dancer’s beauty movement and the song harmony entitle : “six siblings”, symbolize the harmony palembang people’s life.
Tanggai dance often performed in wedding party of South Sumatera citizens, in formal organization activities, and art festival in the schools. Many dance course in Palembang are able to perform this Tanggai dance, including the luxurious of traditional South Sumatra clothes.
First dance is precisely what has always served to the guests of the king of the kingdom of Srivijaya. Not only at weddings only, every dance is often generally events brought by five woman wearing typical regional clothes like songket, dodot, pending, necklaces, bun unfortunate, flowers or potpourri veins, cempako canopy, flowers shake, and Tanggai nail-shaped.This dance made ​​of sheet that is a combination of graceful motion with the typical fashion. The dance depicts the friendly people of Palembang and honor, respect and affection visitors to the their area. The traditional dance like Tanggai can show characteristics of an area as well as the city of Palembang which has good variety of dance and modern trandisional which are the creation of senimanlocal. 
By : Meylan Putri Merzuly 2BA

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