Wednesday, July 4, 2012

Sriwijaya Inscriptions Relic


Sriwijaya Inscriptions Relic
       Inscriptions is the historical sources in the past, that is written in a stone or a metal. Sriwijaya inscriptions already known at least sixteen are scattered in various regions, both in Indonesia and outside Indonesia. Distribution of the inscription is to prove the extent of the power of Sriwijaya kingdom at the time.



     Finding inscription ever found in south Sumatera namely kedukan bukit, telaga batu, talang tuo, kota kapur, boom baru, swarnapatra, kambang uglen,siddhayatra incription, bukit siguntang incription and five fragments of inscriptions. Other that, in the region of Lampung Province founed two incriptions, that are bungkuk inscription and palas paseman. While the inscription which founded in area of Jambi, it is named Karang Berahi.

                                                                                                        
    Bungkuk inscription


         Karang berahi inscription


Palas pasemah inscription


                                      
Kota kapur inscription


Bukit siguntang inscription


    Kedukan bukit inscription


     Talang tuo inscription


Telaga batu inscription        


Descriptions :

1.      Kota Kapur inscription
     This inscription is found  in fortified soil area on the banks of the Mendo Bangka River. This inscription is written by pallawa letter and old malay language,obelisk shaped 150 cm long and dates around 608 saka or 686 AD. Discovered by J.K van der Meulenin desember 1982 when he became administrator of selam river bangka island. This inscription consists of two lines and contains a curse to those who do not obey and are not loyal to the king. An important statement of this inscription is about the attack to java by the king of sriwijaya because it wouldn’t obey to the Sriwijaya.

2.      Karang Brahi inscription
     This incription is found on the banks of the Merangin River, Jambi by L. Berkhout a controller at the bangko in 1904.This inscription was using pallawa letter or old malay language. The history on karang berahi inscription contains about a curse for those who do not obey the king of Sriwijaya.

3.      Bungkuk inscription
     This inscription is found in bungkuk village , central lampung regency in 1985. Judging from palleographial aspect it is estimated that this inscription belongs to the same era as other Sriwijaya.inscripton, namely circa the 7th century A.D. Bungkuk inscription contains curses or swears in a language different from ordenary old malay.

4.      Palas Pasemah inscription
     This inscription was found on the bank of way pisang river, south lampung regency. It uses pallawa characters in old javanese language.it is estimated that it belongs to the  7th century A.D. It contents curses on those who disobey the king of sriwijaya.

5.      Boom baru Inscription
     This inscription is found in boombaru by one of the resident while digging sand. Script carved in natural stone using the technique of writing horzontally.it is written using a pallawa script or old malay language.This inscription contains the oath or curse (sapatha)of Sriwijaya rullers.

6.      Telaga batu inscription
     Telaga batu inscription is found on the sabokingking site, 3 ilir palembang. Lettered palawa and old malay language. Carved on a stone which the top adorned with seven cobra heads and on the bottom of the spout. Technical horizontal writing consists of 28 lines. This inscription contains the oath of loyalty from both official, relatives of the king, as well as workers and servants of the king to the king of Sriwijaya. Those who violate the oath would have been killed by the curse.

7.      Talang tuo inscription
     This inscription was discovered in 1920 by LC.Westenenk resident of palembang was named talang tuo at that time. It told about dapunta hyang sri jayanasa ordered the creation of a park.on the 2nd caitra 606 saka or 684 AD as a pranidanha, because the succes of the military sriwijaya ekspedition.

8.      The Kedukan Bukit Inscription
     Kedukan Bukit Inscription was discovered by the Dutchman M. Batenburg on 29 November 1920 at Kedukan Bukit, South sumatera, on the banks of the Tatang river, a tributary of the Musi river. KedukanBukit inscription is the oldest surviving specimen of the Malay language, in a form known as Old Malay. It is a small stone of 5 by 80 cm. This inscription is dated the year 605 Saka (683 AD) and contains numerous Sanskrit words.

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